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Anatomy Placement Test

Anatomy Placement Test (APT) Information:

What: Anatomy Placement Test will be 50 multiple choice questions and students will have 75 minutes to complete the assessment.

Where: May be taken during testing hours in the Testing Center, or may be taken at the Waynesboro Outpost.

When: The test will be available beginning March 1, 2022.

How Often: Students may take the APT twice a month.

Remediation/Preparation: The Canvas Course for the APT contains review modules and practice tests to help the student review and prepare for the APT. Register for free access to self-study information and test information.

Concepts that may appear on the test:



  • Differentiate between a hypothesis, a scientific theory and scientific law
  • Define homeostasis


  • Define matter, elements, atoms, and molecules
    • Name the subatomic particles of an atom
      • ions
      • isotopes
    • Diagram and describe the atomic structure of biologically important elements
  • Explain the primary bond types
    • ionic bonds 
    • polar covalent bonds 
    • non-polar covalent bonds 
    • hydrogen bonds  
  • Describe and differentiate between synthesis, decomposition, and exchange chemical reactions
    • Define energy, kinetic energy, and potential energy 
    • Explain the importance of energy in chemical reactions
    • Explain the importance of ATP
  • Define and describe the properties of acids and bases with respect to hydrogen ions
    • Explain the pH scale and define acidic, neutral, and basic pH values 
    • Explain the function of a buffer
  • Discriminate between inorganic and organic molecules
    • Describe the chemistry of water and discuss its physiologically important properties 
    • List and recognize the common functional groups: amino, carboxyl and phosphate groups
    • Explain the relationship between monomers and polymers
    • Define and give examples of dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis reactions
    • Compare and contrast the general molecular structures and functions of
      • carbohydrates 
      • lipids
      • proteins 
      • nucleic acids 
  • Explain the properties, actions, and importance of enzymes
    • Explain the factors that influence reaction rates


  • Define the structure and function of the cell membrane including the different types of protein channels
    • Explain the active and passive transport mechanisms for movement across cell membranes
  • Identify cellular organelles and explain their functions in a typical cell
  • Explain cellular respiration, and the steps involved in ATP production
  • Define genome, chromosome and gene
    • Explain DNA Replication
    • Define explain transcription and translation
  • Describe and identify the stages of the cell cycle
    • Interphase
    • Mitosis 
  • Explain the importance of stem cells


  • Identify the stages of meiosis
    • Define homologous chromosomes, independent assortment and crossing over
    • Explain the major differences between mitosis and meiosis
    • Explain how crossing over and independent assortment during meiosis contribute to genetic differences
  • Briefly explain basic patterns of inheritance, to include definitions of genes, alleles, homozygous, heterozygous, genotype and phenotype, autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, and sex-linked traits.

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